Tabata is the ultimate fitness. It's fast. It's fun. It's effective. Tabata training is a form of High Intensity Interval Training (H.I.I.T). High Intensity Interval involves alternating between very intense bouts of exercise and low intensity exercise. For example, sprinting for 30 seconds, and then walking for 60 seconds. Because it involves briefly pushing yourself beyond the upper end of your aerobic exercise zone, it offers you several advantages that traditional steady-state exercise.
To get the benefits HIIT, you need to push yourself past your limits and allow your body to replenish your energy during the recovery intervals.